A condition in which there is no arch in the sole of the foot.
Very common (More than 1 crore cases per year in India)
No vaccine available
Rarely requires lab test or imaging
Treatments can help manage condition, no known cure
Can last several years or be lifelong
Flat feet is hereditary, but can also occur during childhood if the arches of the feet fail to develop, or after an injury or from the wear and tear of ageing. Most people have no symptoms but some experience pain in the foot. Treatment is not necessary if there is no pain, or discomfort. If pain persists treatment include use of devices, supportive care and therapies.
- Most people have no symptoms but some experience pain in the foot
- Can cause pain with extreme activities like long walks and standing
Treatment is not necessary unless flat foot causes pain. If it is painful, therapies and medications might help reduce it.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Relieve swelling and pain.
- Losing weight reduces pressure on the feet
- Foot support by wearing orthotics
- Stretching exercises may help those with shortened Achilles tendons
Medical procedures: Flat foot surgical correction
Therapies: Physical therapy
- Flat feet occur during childhood if the arches of the feet fail to develop and its likely to run in family
- Can also occur after an injury
- From the wear and tear of ageing
- Rheumatoid arthritis
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